2nd Brigade Combat Team
2nd Brigade Combat Team (WARHORSE) maintains war-fighting readiness; deploys, on order, and conducts force XXI Training and testing; modernizes and reorganizes as a combat capable digitized brigade combat team.
The "Warhorse" Brigade, Fourth Infantry Division (Mechanized) was constituted on November 19, 1917 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, Seventh Infantry Brigade, an element of the Fourth Division. It was then organized in December 1917 at Camp Greene, North Carolina.
The Brigade served valiantly during World War I and earned battlefield streamers for its participation in the Aisne-Marne, Saint Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Champagne-1918, and Lorraine-1918 Campaigns.
After its service in World War I, the Brigade was reorganized and re-designated in March 1921 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Seventh Infantry Brigade. The unit was inactivated on September 21, 1921 at Camp Lewis, Washington; re-designated on March 23, 1925 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Seventh Brigade; relieved on August 15, 1927 from assignment to the Fourth Division and assigned to the Seventh Division; relieved on October 1, 1933 from assignment to the Seventh Division and assigned to the Fourth Division; re-designated on August 24, 1936 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Seventh Infantry Brigade; and disbanded on October 16, 1939.
With tensions rising in the Republic of Vietnam, the Brigade was reconstituted on August 21, 1963 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Second Brigade, Fourth Infantry Division and activated on October 1, 1963 at Fort Lewis, Washington. During the Vietnam War, the Second Brigade received battlefield streamers for participation in eleven combat campaigns, including Counteroffensive, Phase Two; Counteroffensive, Phase Three; Tet Counteroffensive; Counteroffensive, Phase Four, Counteroffensive, Phase Five; Counteroffensive, Phase Six; Tet 69 / Counteroffensive; Summer-Fall 1969; Winter-Spring 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; and Counteroffensive, Phase Eight.
After the Vietnam War, the Brigade fought the rest of the Cold War while stationed at Fort Carson, Colorado, until it was inactivated in 1989. Subsequently reactivated on December 15, 1995 at Fort Hood, Texas, the brigade led the Army's Force XXI experimentation and validation, shaping the force of the Twenty-First Century. The Second "Warhorse" Brigade Combat Team stands ready today at Fort Carson, maintaining its ability to deploy as a lethal combat ready force to any contingency location in the world.
Operation Iraqi Freedom
The last elements of 2nd Brigade Combat Team departed Fort Hood, Texas, and arrived in Kuwait by April 2004. After the rush to download combat equipment from the ships and an abbreviated RSOI, the Combat Team was postured at Camp Udairi, Kuwait awaiting orders to move north.
There were many operations conducted by 2BCT 4ID WARHORSE. Their operations spanned from the initial push into the Dyala Province, taking down criminal elements, Air Assaults, combined operations with Iraq/OGA/ODA forces, creation of governing bodies, dealing with civil unrest, and least of all securing the peace of a war torn nation. Much of the Warhorse Brigade's efforts took the Dyala Province from a fledgling province to thriving addition to a growing nation.
For the soldiers of Warhorse, major combat operations didn't end when the regime collapsed. They were, in fact, just beginning. The initial phases of the war in March and April, characterized by deep penetrations north by US Mechanized Brigades, were replaced by constant skirmishes with an insurgent force that refused the decisive fight. Former regime loyalists, criminals, and fundamentalists relying on guerilla tactics characterized the emerging threat in Iraq. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) planted along roadways, hasty ambushes of logistical convoys, and stand-off attacks by mortars and rockets soon became the norm in the region.